The capital city of England and the United Kingdom has an incredible history, which goes back as far as 2,000 years. The city was established after the Roman invasion by the Romans themselves, and they gave the town the name Londinium. Since then, many years have passed and London has become to be known as one of the most famous cities in the world. With its rich history – being settled by Romans, Anglo-Saxons and Normans – this place is bound to have many museums to be able to house all those remnants of many events that have happened during those 2,000 years. The Top 10 London Museums are full of artifacts from many different historic periods – all the way from prehistory to the 20th century and are visited by thousands of tourists every single year. Every museum-hunter simply has to visit the ones in London, and he will most certainly not be disappointed. The most famous one is, of course, the British Museum, which has a vast collection of many famous artifacts, like the Rosetta stone – but there are so many other museums that are definitely worth paying a visit to. These would be the Top 10 London Museums:
The Imperial War Museum was founded in 1917, with the intention to record the military effort of the United Kingdom during the Great War, or as we know it today – First World War. This museum has a vast collection of both official and personal documents, all kinds of photographs and video material, and, of course, – military vehicles and aircraft – something that everyone likes to take a look at. One of the interesting things is the Holocaust Exhibition, on the third floor.
Visit Address: Lambeth Road, SE1 6HZ London
This museum was founded in 1989, and it is located in central London. In 2007, this museum was listed by The Times as one of the best ones – number two in their top five. It houses many different designs – industrial, graphic, fashion and so on. Whoever is interested in the design and happens to find himself in the England’s capital, simply has to visit this place – 200,000 annual visitors can’t be wrong. You can also buy design books here.
Visit Address: 28 Shad Thames, SE1 2YD London
Established in 1980, this museum is based in Covent Garden and houses the transport heritage of England’s capital. Beside the main site in Covent Garden, there is also another branch of this museum which is situated in Acton and known as London Transport Museum Depot. The parent site has a great number of trolleybuses, rail vehicles, buses and trams from both the 19th and 20th century. One of the interesting things to see is the first underground electric train – from 1890.
Visit Address: Covent Garden Piazza, WC2E 7BB London
Visitors are awe-inspired even before they enter this building, one of the Top Museums in London – it has industrial architecture, as it was built after the Second World War as the Bankside Power Station. It was shut down in 1981, and 20 years later, it opened as one of the most famous art museums and has had a great number of visitors from then – as it does today. It houses many different works of art all the way from 1900 to today, and also many contemporary works.
Visit Address: Bankside, SE1 9TG London
National Maritime Museum is situated in Greenwich, London and it just might be the biggest museum of this kind in the entire world. It seeks to preserve the maritime history of Britain, and it has many visitors every year, which can see all kinds of things here – cartography, maritime art, ship plans and models, navigational instruments, official records and so on. It has more than two million items, which is pretty impressive and makes this place definitely worth paying a visit.
Visit Address: Park Row, Greenwich, SE10 9NF London
This particular museum was established in 1857 and it is situated in South Kensington – it is one of the biggest tourist attractions, with more than 3 million visitors in a year. As it is one of the publicly funded museums in Britain, there is no entrance fee. There are over 300,000 items worth seeing here, like for example the first jet engine, earliest steam engines or the first typewriter. There is also an IMAX cinema which shows scientific 3D films.
Visit Address: Exhibition Road, SW7 2DD London
The National History Musem was founded in 1881 and it is situated on Exhibition Road in South Kensington. This particular museum houses al kinds of things related to natural history, and there are five main collections here – entomology, zoology, mineralogy, botany, and paleontology. One of the most important things here is that here you can see specimens collected by Charles Darwin himself, one of the most famous English naturalists. But the major attractions here are the skeletons of the dinosaurs.
Visit Address: Cromwell Road, SW7 5BD London
This is one of the Top London Museums and the biggest museum of decorative arts in the entire world – let alone London. It was established in 1852 and named after Queen Victoria and her husband Prince Albert. It is situated in the South Kensington and has 145 galleries, and has a gigantic collection of the works of art of all the cultures that you could think of – from Europe to Asia. It should be mentioned that it also has the biggest collection of Italian Renaissance works outside of Italy.
Visit Address: Cromwell Road, SW7 2RL London
This is the art museum which is located in Trafalgar Square and was established in 1824. It has a large collection of painting, having over 2000 of them, dating all the way back to the 13th century to 1900. You will find a painting from almost every European school of art here. The most famous of them include The Ambassadors by Hans Holbein, the well-known Sunflowers by Vincent Van Gogh, The Fighting Temeraire by J. M. W. Turner, and The Baptism of Christ by Piero Della Francesca.
Visit Address: Trafalgar Square, WC2N 5DN London
Everyone knows about this one – the British Museum was founded in 1753 and it is among the most famous in the world. Its location is Great Russell Street and it has a huge collection of objects – over 8 million. This museum is dedicated to human history and it had almost 7 million visitors in 2014, making it the most visited museum in the United Kingdom and fourth in the world. One thing is guaranteed – you will definitely find something of interest here.
Visit Address: Great Russell Street, WC1B 3DG London