Britain has always been known as a home to some of the greatest minds, whose dedication and hard work led to the discovery of amazing things. Top 10 London Science Museums bring the greatest inventions of these people to visitors, whether they are science buffs or would just like to know more about, say, Charles Darwin’s travels. And talking about Darwin, who were the great British scientist throughout the centuries, beside him? Let’s mention at least a few of them – Isaac Newton, mathematician and physicist, Michael Faraday – who discovered electromagnetic induction, Alexander Fleming – a pioneer in immunology, Alexander Graham Bell – who invented a telephone, and the list could go on and on – James Watt, Edmond Halley, William Herschel, Francis Bacon and so many more. All of these people deserve to have the memorials – and the memorials that they would be most fond of are the museums, where people from Britain and all around the world could go and see the big achievements with which the British scientists contributed to the civilization. Top 10 London Museums are based on all the different branches of science – from the dental one to the versatile, well-known Science Museum – and all of them are great places to visit.
This particular museum can be found the Hospital of St Thomas and is opened seven days a week. The place is dedicated to Florence Nightingale, who is a mother of modern nursing in the UK. There are three pavilions inside the museums, each one telling a part of her story – The Gilded Cage tells about her childhood, The Calling is about her struggles within the military hospitals, and the last one, Reform And Inspire, is about Nightingale as a reformer.
Visit Address: 2 Lambeth Palace Rd, SE1 7EW London
Even though this museum is quite small, chances of getting bored in it are also pretty small – it can be found at the Royal Institution, which was founded in 1799 by the famous scientists of the time, like Henry Cavendish, with the intention of discussing the knowledge of human race. There are three floors in this museum and each has numerous instruments which shaped the face of the world throughout the last few centuries. There is also a bar with kitchen for dining and refreshment.
Visit Address: Albemarle Street, Mayfair, W1S 4BS London
Now this is something special – this museum houses the whole history of anesthesia, ever since it was invented to the modern machines of our age. It should be noted that the first demonstration of inhalational anesthetic was conducted by William Morton in 1846 – ever since then, anesthesia gradually entered the world of medicine and became something completely common. This museum is opened four days a week from 10:00 to 16:00, with the free admission and is definitely worth paying a visit.
Visit Address: 21 Portland PI, W1B 1Py London
British Dental Association was founded in 1880 and it is the biggest membership organization for the UK dentist. In its headquarters, in Wimpole Street, there is one of the Top London Science Museums and the best dental museum in the whole of Britain, having a huge collection of the dental material and bringing the history of dental science to the visitors. There are photographs, furniture, archives, and of course, dental instruments. If someone’s scared of going to the dentist today, he’ll definitely change his mind when he sees the equipment of the 19th century
Visit Address: 64 Wimpole Street, W1G8YS London
This museum can be found at the garret of the St Thomas’s Church, which is in Southwark. Whoever is interested in the surgical history should pay a visit to it – it has one of the oldest operating theaters, from 1822, which was used before the days of anesthesia. It has a huge collection of instruments and artifacts which show the visitors the many horrors of hospitals and the medicine itself before the science changed everything. The museum itself was established in 1962.
Visit Address: St Thomas Street 9a, SE1 9RY London
This museum was established in 1983 and can be found in Southwark, London, and it houses a number of machines, both old and modern. The most famous one of them, of course, is David Kirkaldy’s Universal Testing Machine, built in 1865 for the testing of materials. The building itself was built in 1874 specifically for Kirkaldy and his tests, which he conducted with his famous machine. This museum is not in the industrial part of the city because this particular area was the industrial one at the time of Kirkaldy.
Visit Address: Southwark Street 99, SE1 0JF London
If you go to the Royal College of Surgeons, there you will find the Hunterian Museum, which is among the Top Science Museums in London and which shows the collection of John Hunter, who was a surgeon from Scotland and one of the pioneers of his profession. He lived in the 18th century (1728 – 1793) and did the research in many branches of medicine, like dentistry, child development, gunshot wounds and many others. The museum displays many anatomical specimens, like the Evelyn tables and even the skeleton of Charles Byrne, the “Irish Giant”.
Visit Address: Lincoln’s Inn Fields 35-43, WC2A 3PE London
Interactive displays are a thing at the St Bart’s museum – clicking the button easily transports the visitor back to the medical world of the 13th and other centuries. There is a permanent exhibition of old objects and archives, like the agreement between City of London and Henry VIII which did the refoundation of the hospital in 1546. There is also a range of all kinds of medical and surgical equipment that was used in the hospital, as well as two famous paintings by William Hogarth.
Visit Address: Giltspur Street, London
This is a museum which can be found on the Euston Rd, London, and it displays a very interesting collection of medical artifacts. It was established in 2007, and the collection is a pert of the so-called Wellcome Trust, founded by the enthusiastic traveller Sir Henry Wellcome. There are paintings, objects and books, all with the theme of the constant change of the medical science throughout history. Half a million visitors come to this place every year – entrance is free.
Visit Address: Euston Road, NW1 2BE London
This is definitely the most famous of the museums which have science for their theme – it has over three million visitors every year, and it is definitely one of the London’s major attractions for tourists. The museum can be found on the Exhibition Road and it houses a huge collection of 300,000 items, with many of them being famous – like the Stephenson’s Rocket. There is a basement floor, lower ground floor, ground floor and five floors above it – no boredom here.
Visit Address: Exhibition Rd, SW7 2DD London